The research activities of iMOVE will address challenges and develop solutions in four core areas:
- Intelligent transport systems & infrastructure
- End-to-end freight solutions
- Enhanced personal mobility
Research Programme 1:
Intelligent Transport Systems and Infrastructure
This programme will deliver the technical infrastructure, data frameworks, models and tools to support Australia’s adoption of increasingly sophisticated transport networks.
It will enable:
- Real-time position and information speeds for all modes of transport and associated infrastructure (e.g. traffic lights)
- Traffic management software that will use new sources of connected data from vehicles, roadside sensors, traffic signals
- the smooth adoption of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV), including the infrastructure required to support CAVs (such as lane guidance, positioning information, digital security, vehicle-to-vehicle communication, vehicle-to-pedestrian communication)
- Collection and analyses of information on driver behaviour from vehicles, including parameters such as speed, braking activity, and direction change and their relationship to network infrastructure
- Identification of factors that contribute to accidents and poor network performance
- integration of information systems to support new multi-modal transport services
It will also provide foundation stones for the other two research programmes
Research Programme 2:
End-to-end freight solutions
The availability of better data, and emerging visibility from end to end of supply chains creates significant opportunities to optimise operations across wider ranges of processes thereby increasing efficiency and performance.
The movement of time-sensitive, and condition-sensitive products (e.g. fresh food) is of particular interest as these suffer the greatest loss of value and wastage from sub-optimal transport performance.
More specifically, work here will address:
- Supply chain models that incorporate the interactions of multiple elements, such as road, rail, shipping, and air components, as well as intermodal exchange points
- Consistent data systems, standards, and common approaches for managing freight supply chains
- Optimisation of the complete supply chain, rather than individual elements
- Methodology to monitor individual goods, including dwell times, frequency and roughness of handing, and the supply chain environment
Research Programme 3:
Enhanced Personal Mobility
Work here will see the development of new and innovative solutions to allow the mobility system to be more traveller-centric and provide a more personalised experience.
Also, the creation of business models, systems and technologies to increase the use of shared or public mobility options.
It will also address the need for systems and technologies to increase the access of mobility options to elderly or disabled Australians.
Research in this area will bring about:
- A multimodal tool that will allow users to plan any journey using one or many modes of transport
- Consideration of data from various sources to deliver an optimal solution – e.g., suppliers of every travel mode available, user preferences such as price, time, enroute destinations
- Protocols to manage and integrate information from multiple sources, and securely and robustly deliver fit for purpose information to the user
- Community and society attitudes to, and willingness to embrace, new technologies such as CAVs and services
- Identification of the characteristics of technologies, services and policy that encourage community uptake
Research Programme 4:
In the sustainability area we are developing, and in some cases already delivering, projects to:
- Understand what makes ‘successful places’ and how active transport fits into the landscape,
- Assess sustainable solutions for transport (bus, rail, freight)
- Identify what a low emission transport system would look like, including the impacts of reduced use of traditional fuels and the growth of sustainable alternatives.
- Examine the contribution that new modes (drones, bots) and new uses of existing modes could make to the future of transport.
- Develop policy and practice around equity and access, including accommodating disabled people in transport of the future and providing improved access to mobility for regional and remote communities.
The cost of congestion and confusion
Traffic congestion will be reduced from its current growth trajectory by: implementation of new traffic management software, acceleration of the introduction of CAVs and inducing a proportion of car drivers to change modes of transport. The social and economic costs of congestion in Australia are estimated to reach around $37 billion a year by 2030. We expect the risk adjusted, value (NPV) of congestion reduction attributable to the activity of the CRC to be $884 million.
Eighty percent of car accidents, including 1200 annual fatalities, are caused by human error and this costs the Australian economy over $12 billion per year. CAVS have the potential to eliminate this. The activity of the CRC will accelerate the introduction of CAVs. If the introduction is brought forward by only 1 year the risk adjusted, value (NPV) of that 1 year advancement is $862 million.
The biggest impacts from these three core research areas will be a reduction in traffic congestion, and fewer traffic accidents. iMOVE CRC will help make mass transport options easier, more convenient and flexible for people to use.
By better understanding the motivation and needs of people for mobility services, the CRC outputs will assist all levels of government to enhance their planning of, and investment in, those services.